Knowing how to make hard decisions is a challenging part of leadership. Which direction would you choose when somebody will be upset with either choice?
Making difficult decisions as a leader is part of the job. Here are some examples.
- When do you ask people to work late?
- Who gets to go on the training course, and who doesn’t?
- Should you promote someone? Why them and not the others?
- Do you need to let somebody go? Who is it going to be?
There is never going to be an easy way to make difficult decisions as a leader. They are difficult decisions, because they involve people.
When you make decisions that affect people, it is likely that somebody is going to be happy and somebody else is going to be upset.
The Best Way to Make Difficult Decisions as a Leader
I’ve seen the fallout from quite a few difficult decisions and made hard decisions of my own. In my experience, the best way to make difficult decisions is via a three step process.
1. When Making Difficult Decisions, Have a Process
When you need to make a hard choice that will affect people, have a process. Have a set of criteria you will use to make the decision.
Don’t just jump to an answer. If your mind is heading to a decision by instinct, ask yourself why. Are you being biased? What are the rules that you’re using to arrive at a result?
A process helps you because you can explain it to others. “I just thought that was the right way to go” isn’t going to cut it.
It may help you to develop a list of the pros (good) and cons (bad) involved in each possible choice. This helps you to work through the best outcome systematically.
2. When Making Hard Decisions, Explain Yourself
Some leaders don’t feel as if they need to explain themselves. Maybe you don’t need to explain yourself at all. Perhaps you can do whatever you want.
When you explain to affected people how and why you’ve made your decision, it makes a big difference. People get to see behind the curtain and can attempt to understand the reasons why you made your decision.
This won’t solve all your problems. People will listen to your reasons and some of them may still be angry, because they might not agree with your logic. Some decisions involve a lot of emotion.
Even if you are completely rational and reasonable in your decision making, people may be too upset or angry to realise that, and that’s OK. Being rational doesn’t always help, because emotions are common in the workplace.
3. When Making Difficult Decisions, Be Fair
You have a process. You’re going to explain yourself. Now, the final part.
Is what you’re doing fair? Something that has the most potential to create issues is when people believe the decision has been made unfairly.
If people think you have a biased process or you aren’t explaining yourself, they will perceive you as being unfair. This can be extremely damaging to morale and open up all sorts of other issues.
Think through the decision you are making and consider whether it seems fair. Ask a colleague to review the decision before you make it. You might think you’re being fair, but this can be subject to unconscious bias. This won’t be obvious if you don’t get another opinion.
When Making the Hard Decisions, You Will Never Get it “Right”
You won’t get it “right”. Ever. Somebody will be almost always be upset after a difficult decision.
However, if you have a process, you’ve been open about what you’re doing and you have tried your best to make it fair, then you have done a good job.
Don’t expect everybody to like your decision. That’s life, and everyone has a different perspective. Perhaps you made the wrong decision? You may not know until a few months later. But that’s OK, because you can’t know everything. You’ll know for next time.
When making difficult decisions, have a process, explain yourself and make it fair. Then move on knowing that you’ve done a good job.
How do you make difficult decisions? Let me know in the comments below!
Alternatively, if you would like to ask a question or need some help, you can send me a private message through my contact page.